Biol. Stud. 2018: 12(3–4); 63–74 • DOI:


M. V. Khymyn


The waterfowl of the Lutsk district was studied by the author during 1981–2018. 39 species of the waterfowl are registered in the Lutsk district, 13 among them are confirmed on breeding (some of them in some years only), 16 – on passage (1 species – the Greylag Goose Anser anser (L.) nested only once) and 10 – vagrants. Besides, 18 species are wintering. The nest group of the waterfowl is between 327 and 637 breeding pairs. The most numerous breeding species are the Coot Fulica atra L. (25–52 % of the total number of waterfowl) and the Mallard Anas platyrhynchos L. (19–35 %). Both species comprise up to 52–71 % of the waterfowl. The biggest part of the local population of those birds is nesting on large complexes of ponds. We found certain trends in waterfowl numbers the 38-year period of research. The number is stable in case of the Little Grebe Podiceps ruficollis (Pall.) and the Great Crested Grebe P. cristatus (L.), and relative stability with annual fluctuations is observed in the Mallard and the Coot. A noticeable decrease in population size is observed in the Pochard and for some species critical decrease and tendency to disappear was detected: the Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis C. L. Brehm, the Red-necked Grebe P. grisegena (Bodd.) and the Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula (L.). An increase in number is observed in the Mute Swan Cygnus olor (Gm.) and the Garganey Anas querquedula L. only. Other species of the waterfowl nest with average number of 1–2 pairs and only in some years. During the post-breeding period (the beginning of August), 13 species of the waterfowl were registered (9–10 species yearly) in Lutsk district in 2013–2018. Among them few species of the waterfowl not detected during the breeding season (the Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo (L.) and the Teal Anas crecca L.), were observed. The Mallard and the Mute Swan Cygnus olor (Gm.) are the most frequently wintering species of the waterfowl. There are between 35–4000 wintering birds yearly. The vast majority of the waterfowl wintered on the unfrozen parts of Styr and Chornoguzka rivers, rarely on ponds and channels. Reasons for changings their numbers are determined for breeding and wintering species of waterfowl. The water bodies occupy 16.5 kmІ or 1.6 % of the district territory. For protection of the waterfowl, as well as for other groups of animals, in the Lutsk district, 4 nature protection territories were created (2 zoological and 2 ornithological reserves).

Keywords: waterfowl, censuses, trends, Lutsk district, Ukraine

Full Text:



1. Bellebaum J., Szostek K. L., Klosowski J. Population dynamics and survival of the Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena: results from a long-term study in eastern Poland. Journal of Ornithology, 2018: 159(3): 631-641.

2. Bibby C., Jones M., Marsden S. Expedition Field Techniques. Bird surveys. Translate from engl. Moscow, 2000. 186 p. (In Russian)

3. Birds in the European Union: a status assessment. Compilers: C. Papazoglou, K. Kreiser, Z. Waliczky, I. Burfield. Wageningen, The Nederlands: BirdLife International, 2004. 50 p.

4. European birds of conservation concern: populations, trends and national responsibilities. Compiled by A. Staneva and I. Burfield. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International, 2017. 172 p.

5. Fox A.D., Caizergues A., Banik V.N., Devos K., Dvorak M., Ellermaa M., Folliot B., Green A.J., Grüneberg C., Guillemain M., Håland A., Hornman M., Keller V., Koshelev A.I., Kostiushyn V.A., Kozulin A., Ławicki Ł., Luiguijőe L., Müller C., Musil P., Musilová Z., Mischenko A., Pöysä H., Ščiban M., Sjeničić J., Stīpniece A., Švažas S., Wahl J. Recent changes in the abundance of Common Pochard Aythya ferina breeding in Europe. Wildfowl, 2016; 66: 22-40.

6. Gavris G.G., Babych A.G. Peculiarities of Ornitho-geographical Division of the Ukrainian Polissia and Lisostep as for Tasks of Study of Avifauna. Bird census: approached, techniques, results (collection of articles of the Second international Scientific and practical conference, 26-30 April, 2004). Zhytomyr, 2004: 17-21. (In Ukrainian)

7. Hagemeijer J.M.W., Blair. J.M. (Eds). The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds. Their distribution and abundance. London: T & A D Poyser, 1997. 903 p.

8. Khymyn M. The Atlas of wintering birds in Lutsk district (1988/89-1991/92). Lutsk: Bird world, 1993а. 135 p. (In Ukrainian and English)

9. Khymyn M. The spreading of breeding waterfowl on the territory of the Volyn' forest-steppe. Volove ochko. Troglodytes. The catalogue of the ornithofauna in the western regions of Ukraine. Ornithological observations for 1991-1992. Lutsk, 1993b; 3: 61-63. (In Ukrainian)

10. Khymyn M. The Styr river valley, village Luchytsi. In: Mykytiuk O. (Ed.) IBA territories of Ukraine. Kyiv: SoftART, 1999a: 58-59. (In Ukrainian)

11. Khymyn M., Tuteiko V., Grytsai O., Zhersh N., Nagaliuk V., Shumuk O., Trokhymuk V. (compi­lers). Natural-Protected Fund of the Volyn Region. Lutsk: Inicial, 1999. 48 p. (In Ukrainian)

12. Khymyn M. Monitoring of the conditions of wetland birds wintering in the Lutsk district of the Volyn Region during 1988-1999. Wintering censuses at the Azov-Black Sea coastal region of Ukraine. Collection of materials of the ХІХth meeting of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Working Group (18-21 February, 1999). Melitopol-Odesa-Kyiv: Wetland International, 1999b; 2: 68-71. (In Ukrainian)

13. Khymyn M. Avifauna of the Styr valley within Volyn steppe-forest zone. Ecological aspects of birds' protection. Materials of the VII Conference of Western Ukraine Ornithologists (Ivano-Frankivsk, 4-7 February, 1999). Lviv, 1999c: 91-92. (In Ukrainian)

14. Khymyn M. Phenological observations on the waterfowl and wader spring migration in Volyn steppe-forest zone. Ecological aspects of birds' protection. Materials of the VII Confe­rence of Western Ukraine Ornithologists (Ivano-Frankivsk, 4-7 February, 1999). Lviv, 1999d: 93-95. (In Ukrainian)

15. Khymyn M. Searching of nests as one of the methods of census of secretive, small number and rare waterfowl species and determination their numbers. Bird census: approached, techniques, results (collection of articles of the Second international Scientific and practical conference, 26-30 April, 2004). Zhytomyr, 2004: 57-60. (In Ukrainian)

16. Khymyn M.V. General Characteristics of the Waterfowl Fauna in Volyn Forest-Steppe. Vestnik zoologii, 2007: 41(1): 47-52. (In Ukrainian)

17. Khymyn M. The season aspects of Aythya Waterfowls flock at the Volyn Forest-Steppe area. Scientific bulletin of Uzhgorod university. Series "Biology", 2008; 23: 144-147. (In Ukrainian)

18. Kostyushin V. A., Grishchenko V.M., Vasyluk O.V. Overview of biodiversity monitoring programme in Ukraine. Kyiv: National Ecological Centre of Ukraine, 2008. 80 p. (In Ukrainian)

19. Scallan D. & Griffin Cy. The Status of Huntable Birds in the European Union. Federation of Associacions for Hunting and Conservation of the EU (FACE). 2015. 39 p.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2018 Studia biologica