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Author Guidelines


Manuscript preparation
The volume and formatting of the manuscript
The full volume (text with tables, figures and legends, summaries in two languages with the keywords and the list of literature) for a Research article should not exceed 20 pages, for a Review article – 30 pages, and for a Brief report – 4 pages.

The material for publication should be submitted in the rtf format, A4 paper size, font Arial, size 14, line spacing 1.5, margin 2.5 cm on all sides.

Language (usage and editing services) Please prepare your text in good English. Authors should eliminate grammatical or spelling errors and conform to correct scientific English.

Research Articles: Research articles should present significant conceptual advances. They should be as concise as possible and written in a style that is accessible to the broad readership. The total character count of an article must be under 20 pages, and there should be no more than 6 figures and/or tables. Additional display items may be published online as Supplementary Information at the discretion of the editor.

Review Articles: Review articles should provide a comprehensive review on a specific research, theoretical or methodologogical topic and thereby provide readers with a state-of-the-art understanding of the scientific problem. The total character count of an article must be under 30 pages, and there should be no more than 6 figures and/or tables.

Brief Reports: Brief Reports format is intended for short communications of an exceptional timeliness and interest for the scientific community. Brief Reports should contain up to 2 pages of text for the main article (not including references) and up to 2 display items. A Brief Report may have no more than 2 supplementary figures or tables.

Manuscript Structure
All manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey the manuscript: Cover page with structured Abstract; Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Acknowledgments and data on the financial support; References; Abstract (in Ukrainian for the English language articles and in English for the Ukrainian language articles); Artwork and Tables with Captions. If your article includes any Videos and/or other Supplementary material, this should be included in the initial submission for the peer review purposes. Please, divide the article into clearly defined sections. Please, ensure the text of the paper is double-spaced and has consecutive line numbering - this is an essential peer review requirement.

Cover page:
UDC Index (Universal Decimal Classification);
Authors: surname and initials of all authors;
The names and full postal addresses of the institutions where each author is affiliated;
E-mail of the corresponding author

Abstract of the article (in Ukrainian for the English language articles and in English for the Ukrainian language articles). Text of the Abstract for Research articles should be 1.800-2.000 characters without intervals, structured in BackgroundMaterials and MethodsResultsConclusions. It should include a description of the fundamentally important results and be intelligible to the non-specialist in a specific field, therefore should avoid specialized terms and abbreviations.
Keywords (no more than six).
Registration number and Funding source (if none, state so).

The Introduction should provide the background information needed to understand presented study, and the reasons why experiments were conducted; what problem was studied. Citation of strongly related to research problem publications, no more than 10 years old, if possible, is recommended. At the end of the section clear and exact aims of the study should be stated.

Materials and Methods
Materials and Methods should describe all the details of how study was conducted. Subheadings may be used to separate different methodologies. New methods should be written in enough detail so that other researcher can reproduce the experiment. Established methods should be described briefly with a reference where readers can find more detail. All statistical tests and parameters should be stated.

All data sets presented in the paper should be complete, including data of the relevant statistical analysis (means, standard deviations, etc.) as well as methods of data normalization, transformation, statistical tests and the statistical package or program used. A complete description of the experimental design and statistical analysis is important both for the correct interpretation of the data and for independent verification of claims. The manuscript should indicate which statistical package or data analysis program was used. Statistics and error bars must be applied for independent experiments and not for replicates within a single experiment. In general, a minimum of three biological replicates are required. For a detailed discussion of error bars in experimental biology, see Cumming et al., J. Cell Biol. 177: 7-11. The authors, as far as necessary, are encouraged to involve biostatistians experts in the design and analysis of experiments, this will ensure the correct interpretation of the results.

Additional resources:
Statistics for Biologists (Nature)
Use of ANOVA versus T-test (The Plant Cell)
How Robust Are Your Data? (Nature)
Error Bars in Experimental Biology (J. Exp. Bot.)
Know When Your Numbers Are Significant (Nature)
Ten Simple Rules for Reproducible Computational Research

Manuscripts may also be sent to review statistics.

Results and Discussion
In this section as in the Materials and Methods section, use subheadings to separate the results of different experiments. Results should be presented in a logical order. Do not duplicate data among figures, tables, and text. The text should summarize, what the reader will find in the table, or mention one or two of the most important data points. It is usually much easier to read data in a table than in the text. The results of statistical analyses should be included in the text, usually by providing P values for statistically significant differences.

It is obligatory to present at least parts of the manuscript data in tables and figures. For reviews, the number of illustrations (photographs, charts and diagrams) can not exceed 8; experimental articles – 6; short communications – 2. All illustrations must be numbered in Arabic numerals marked as “Fig.”: Fig. 1, Fig. 1-3 and others. Figure legends must be submitted both in Ukrainian and English. 
All large descriptions on figures should be replaced by numeric or letter designations, and their explanation should be transferred to the legend. The abscissa and ordinate of the charts should be clear, with the definition of the dimension of the scale and quantities.
Each drawing must be submitted electronically as a separate file in one of the formats: * .xls, * .eps. Photographs should be submitted at a resolution of at least 300 dpi in the following formats: *.tif or *.jpg. We recommend that the authors keep to the maximum drawing size of 135x195 mm. Mathematical formulas should be presented as a Microsoft Equation in the Microsoft Word. In order to improve the quality of graphical material or to prepare it in accordance with printing requirements, the editors may invite authors to submit source files. Tables must have a title and a serial number. The name of the table and notes to it should be submitted in Ukrainian and English. The notes are placed directly under the tables. Maximum permissible table width is 135 mm. The use of abbreviations in the text of the table is not allowed. The failure to comply with these guidelines can delay the publication of the article.

There are strict requirements on reference formatting at submission. References should be in MLA style. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct. References list in alphabetical order must contain recent (last three years) publications. The numbers of cited publications in the text of the article should be given in square brackets. 
All references in Cyrillic have to be translated into English with note (In Ukrainian), (In Russian). References list should include only published and readily accessible for readers materials: articles, books, conference proceedings preferably with DOI. This is due to the requirements of the international scientific metric information databases and the common rules for evaluating the citation index and determining the impact factor of scientific journals. 
Use of DOI, PMCID or Google Scholar links is highly encouraged, if available they should be included at the end of the paragraph in square brackets (see examples).

- Monograph:
 surname and initials of all authors, surname and initials of the responsible editor, full title of the work, title and address of the publishing house, year of publication and total number of pages, links to available electronic resources in square brackets.
Henderson P.A., Southwood T.R. E. Ecological Methods, 4th Ed. New York, USA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. 656 p.
Kots S.Ya., Morgun V.V, Patty V.F. Biological fixation of nitrogen: bean-rhizobial symbiosis. Kyiv: Logos, 2011. 523 p. (In Russian). [Google Scholar]
Chapter of the monograph with many authors: 
surname and initials of all authors, title of the chapter, surname and initials of the responsible editor, full title of the work, name and address of the publishing house, year of issue and numbers of the first and last pages of the cited work. In square brackets references to DOI and PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar (if available).
Barber K. E. History of vegetation. In: Chapman S. B. (Ed.) Methods in plant ecology. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1976: 5-83.
Journal article: 
surname and initials of all authors, full title of the work, title of the magazine, year of issue, journal number, number of first and last pages of the cited work, in square brackets references to DOI and PubMed, Web of Science, Google Scholar (if available).
Kobylinska L.I., Boyko N.M., Panchuk R.R., Gritsa I.I., Kluchevskaya O.Yu., Biletska L.P., Lesik R. B., Zimenkovsky B. S., Stoyka R .S. Biochemical parameters of hepatotoxicity in blood serum of rats under the influence of new derivatives of 4-thiazolidinone and doxorubicin and their complexes with polyethylene glycol containing nanosized polymer carrier. Ukr Biochem. J., 2016; 88 (1): 51-60. 
[DOI:; PMID: 26255346; Google Scholar]

The following should be sent to the address of the Editorial office (

  • Electronic version of the manuscript, rtf format (file name by the first author of the article in English, for example, Starunko.rtf)
  • Illustration material – color (for the on-line version) and black-and-white (for the printed version), separate files in one of the standard graphic formats (Starunko1.xls, Starunko2.eps, Starunko3.jpg, or Starunko4.tif)
  • Authors information in Ukrainian and English (auth_Starunko.rtf) required for correct indexing that includes: 1) the names of all authors, 2) contact phone numbers with the code of the city/operator, 3) e-mail of all authors indicating the corresponding author, 4) ORCID; 5) full names and postal addresses of the institutions where the work was conducted.

Sample of authors information:
Holoborodko Ivan Mykolayovych 
Ivan Franko National University of Lviv
Hrushevsky St., 4, 
Lviv 79005, Ukraine
ORCID ID – 0000-0001-5719-2187

Privacy Statement: The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Author Declaration should be signed by all authors (send by e-mail a scan to the editor). 
Download Authorship Declaration in pdf-format