V. V. Kachinska



The structural organisation and biological variety of ecosystems are considered on the consortium level of organization. The article is devoted to establishing structural and functional organization of Ulmus and Populus consortia in order to provide sustainable use of the industrial areas of Kryvyi Rih Basin. Structural organization of avian communities in the consortium of industrial areas is characterized by a simplified taxonomic structure. It is established that the taxonomical structure of ground mesofauna is characterised by insignificant number and quantity of taxonomical groups. High concentration of horto­bionts and herpetobionts in morfo-ecological structure testifies faunae considerable attachment to consortium determinants and influences of steppe climate on this structure. The taxonomical structure of lichens is characterised by 8 species of 6 genera and 5 families. It is set that specific composition and conformities to law of distribution of cladinas in consortium is determined the type of the industrial loading. Abundance of crustaceous cladinas, insignificant number of fissile cladinas, and complete absence of bushy forms in lichens determinants of the consortium could be explained by the industrial influence.


ecological consortium, biodiversity, terrestrial mesofauna, structural organization


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