SYNANTHROPIZATION OF WOODPIGEON (COLUMBA PALUMBUS) IN UPPER POBUZHIA (UKRAINE)

Biol. Stud. 2021; 15(2): 73–80 • DOI: https://doi.org/10.30970/sbi.1502.650

V. V. Novak


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30970/sbi.1502.650

Abstract


Background. Significant (over 20 %) forest cover of the region, a wide network of woodland belts, a high level of greening of villages and more than 200-year-old gardening traditions create favorable conditions for the existence of the Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus) and its settlement. Despite a rather wide distribution of the species in the region, its biological characteristics and the process of synanthropization remain insufficiently studied.
Materials and Methods. The study was conducted during 2006–2020. Breeding Bird Survey routes without zone limitations and spot surveys were performed to assess the density of the species. Records of the location and height of the nest, its size, the presence of egg-laying or nestlings, the age of the nestlings and building material were made for each nesting site. The main part of the material on rural settlements was collected on the territory of monitoring sites “Chornyi Ostriv” and “Medzhibizh”, which cove­red 6 villages. Unpublished materials on the species in the region, collected by V. O. Novak in the period of 1990–2010, were also processed.
Results and Discussion. The Woodpigeon is a nesting migratory species in Upper Pobuzhia region. In recent decades, the region has seen a process of synanthropization of the species. The first cases of Woodpigeon nesting in the settlements of Upper Pobuzhia (west of Khmelnytskyi city) were discovered by V. I. Gulay in 1986–1990. In the region, woodpigeons first nested in villages (since 1986) and only then in the city of Khmelnytskyi (the first nest was found on 11.05.1994). Of the 390 registered nests, the share of identified nests (n = 390) in the settlements of Upper Pobuzhia was 50 % in the period of 1990–2000, 64 % in the period of 2001–2010, and 81 % in the period of 2010–2020. In the parks of Khmelnytskyi, the density of nesting in 2020 was 35 pairs/km2, while in the forests of the region – 4 pairs/km2. On some streets of Khmelnytskyi, the density of nesting species is even higher – 43 pairs/km2. In rural settlements, the Woodpigeon average density during the nesting period is 1.7 pairs/km2, although in some villages it can reach 11 pairs/km2. The birds use 33 species of trees and bushes and some structural elements of houses as support for the nest. In the process of synanthropization, the Woodpigeon has developed new adaptations in nesting and searching for food.
Conclusion. The process of synanthropization of the Woodpigeon in Upper Pobuzhia region has been taking place for the last 30 years. In its foraging behavior and tolerance to humans, it resembles a typical synanthropus – Feral Pigeon Columba livia, which indicates the successful synanthropization of the species.

Keywords: Woodpigeon, nesting, synanthropization, Upper Pobuzhia

 

Received 15 April, 2021  ●  Revision 26 April, 2021  ●  Accepted 02 June, 2021  ●  Published 30 June, 2021


Full Text:

PDF

References


1. Bokotei A.А. Avifauna of Lviv: population, distribution, dynamics. Lviv, 1998; 28-30. (In Russian)

2. Elvers H. Die Vogelgemeinschaft der West-Berliner Crunanlagen. Orn. Ber. Berlin (West), 1978; 3(1): 35-58.
Google Scholar

3. Hagemeijer W.J.M., Blair M.J. The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. London: T. & A.D. Poyser, 1997. 903 p.
Google Scholar

4. Herkhner V.Iu. Materials for the study of birds of Podillya. Collection of works of the Zoological Museum of the USSR Academy of Sciences. 1928; 5: 151-192. (In Ukrainian)
Google Scholar

5. Hulai V.I. A new ecological type of сommon wood pigeon in Podillya. Materials of the 1st conference of young ornithologists of Ukraine. Chernivtsi, 1994: 53-54. (In Ukrainian)

6. Huzii A.I. Methods for counting birds in forests. Accounting of birds: approaches, methods, results: materials of school on unification of methods of the account of birds in reserves of Ukraine, Ivano-Frankove, 26-28 April 1995. Lviv-Kyiv, 1997; 18-48. (In Russian)

7. Khorniak M. Sinurbanization of сommon wood pigeon (Columba palumbus L.) in Lviv. Bulletin of Lviv University. Biological series, 2003; 34: 173-179. (In Ukrainian)
Google Scholar

8. Khranevych V.P. Materials of avifauna of the western districts of Ukraine. Notes of Kamya­nets-Podilskaya scientific department. Poltava, 1929; 1: 5-43. (In Ukrainian)

9. Korniienko T.M., Fedun O.M. The current state of birds of the Columbiformes in Chernihiv region. Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod University. Biology series, 2008; 23: 59-61. (In Ukrainian)
Google Scholar

10. Kuzyo G. Structure of breeding bird cоmmunities in urban and sub-urban green areas of Lviv city with different degree of anthropogenic pressure. Biol. Stud., 2016; 10(3-4): 155-164.
CrossrefGoogle Scholar

11. Kuzyo H.O., Shydlovskyy I.V. Unusual breeding of Woodpigeon Columba palumbus in the western part of Ukraine. Proceedings of the Western Ukrainian Ornithological Society "Troglodytes", 2017; 8: 73-75. (In Ukrainian)

12. Loparov S.O. Avifauna of settlements of the Center of Ukraine and its changes. Kyiv, 1997. 23 p. (In Ukrainian)

13. Matviichuk O.A., Serebriakov V.V. Avifauna of the Upper and Middle Pobuzhia. Kyiv, 2010. 284 p. (In Ukrainian)
Google Scholar

14. Matviichuk O.A., Pirkhal A.B., Viduetskyi A.B. Birds of Vinnytsia region. Vinnytsia, 2017. 328 p. (In Ukrainian)
Google Scholar

15. Novak V.О. Preliminary analysis of the avifauna of the projected Upper Pobuzhia National Nature Park. Podolsky Natural Bulletin, 2010; 1: 132-152. (In Ukrainian)
Google Scholar

16. Novak V.V. General characteristics of fauna and bird population of rural settlements of Podilske Pobuzhia. Berkut, 2015; 24(2): 93-106. (In Ukrainian)
Google Scholar

17. Portenko L.A. Essay bird fauna Podolia province. Bulletin of the Moscow society of nature testers, section biology, 1928; 37(1-2): 92-204. (In Russian)
Google Scholar

18. Prychepa M.V. Current condition of the ornithofauna of the Alexandria Dendrological Park. The Journal of V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University. Series "Biology", 2019; 33: 55-62. (In Ukrainian)
Google Scholar

19. Ravkin E.S., Chelintsev N.G. Methodical recommendations for integrated route counting of birds. Moscow, 1990. 33 p. (In Russian)
Google Scholar

20. Shupova T.V. Confirmation of the urban population of сommon wood pigeon (Сolumba palumbus L.) in Kyiv. Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Series: Problems of Physiological Functions Regulation, 2014; 17(1): 36-39. (In Ukrainian)
Google Scholar

21. Shupova T.V., Koniakin S.N. Formation of nesting bird communities in parks on the gradient of anthropic load in Kiev metropolis. "Branta": Transactions of the Azov-Black Sea Ornithological Station, 2020; 23: 41-59.
CrossrefGoogle Scholar

22. Skilskyi I.V., Buchko V.V., Hodovanets B.I. About formation of a new ecological type of wood pigeon in Northern Bukovina. Berkut, 1997; 6(1-2): 49-51. (In Russian)
Google Scholar

23. Tomiałojć L. The urban population of the wood pigeon Columba palumbus Linnaeus, 1758 in Europe - its origin, increase and distribution. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia, 1976; 21: 586-631.
Google Scholar

24. Yanenko V.O., Loparov S.O. The dynamics of the population of birds in the family Colum­bidae of the Middle Prydniprovia region for the last ten years. Troglodytes, 2012. 98-106. (In Ukrainian)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 V. V. Novak

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.